The 2018 Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) was held in September. The summit, attended by Xi and state leaders from 53 African countries, was the largest of its kind since FOCAC was established in 2000.
Xi had three meetings with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, playing a constructive role in persuading Kim to return to dialogue. Kim also held historic meetings with Trump and South Korean President Moon Jae-in on peace and denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula in the border village of Panmunjom. A joint Panmunjom Declaration was issued after the Kim-Moon meeting, confirming their common goal of complete denuclearization of the peninsula.
Five months later, the United States made another unilateral pullout, announcing it was quitting the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty it had signed with the Soviet Union 30 years ago, alleging Russia had violated the treaty. The INF is an important bilateral treaty and its absence will have far-reaching effects on U.S.-Russia relations, regional security and the development of global nuclear power.